Steensma, MD [T]he ideals of the Hippocratic Oath—first formulated in Greece almost 2, years ago—remain, in our opinion, as important today as they have always been. Human technology has changed dramatically in the past 25 centuries; human nature has not.
The Hippocratic Oath Today Yet paradoxically, even as the modern oath's use has burgeoned, its content has tacked away from the classical oath's basic tenets. The original calls for free tuition for medical students and for doctors never to "use the knife" that is, conduct surgical procedures —both obviously out of step with modern-day practice.
Perhaps most telling, while the classical oath calls for "the opposite" of pleasure and fame for those who transgress the oath, fewer than half of oaths taken today insist the taker be held accountable for keeping the pledge.
Indeed, a growing number of physicians have come to feel that the Hippocratic Oath is inadequate to address the realities of a medical world that has witnessed huge scientific, economic, political, and social changes, a world of legalized abortion, physician-assisted suicide, and pestilences unheard of in Hippocrates' time.
Some doctors have begun asking pointed questions regarding the oath's relevance: In an environment of increasing medical specialization, should physicians of such different stripes swear to a single oath?
With governments and health-care organizations demanding patient information as never before, how can a doctor maintain a patient's privacy? Are physicians morally obligated to treat patients with such lethal new diseases as AIDS or the Ebola virus?
Other physicians are taking broader aim. Some claim that the principles enshrined in the oath never constituted a shared core of moral values, that the oath's pagan origins and moral cast make it antithetical to beliefs held by Christians, Jews, and Muslims. Others note that the classical Oath makes no mention of such contemporary issues as the ethics of experimentation, team care, or a doctor's societal or legal responsibilities.
Most modern oaths, in fact, are penalty-free, with no threat to potential transgressors of loss of practice or even of face. Support Provided By Learn More With all this in mind, some doctors see oath-taking as little more than a pro-forma ritual with little value beyond that of upholding tradition.
Below, see classical and modern versions of the oath. Classical Version I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepius and Hygieia and Panaceia and all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will fulfill according to my ability and judgment this oath and this covenant: To hold him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents and to live my life in partnership with him, and if he is in need of money to give him a share of mine, and to regard his offspring as equal to my brothers in male lineage and to teach them this art—if they desire to learn it—without fee and covenant; to give a share of precepts and oral instruction and all the other learning to my sons and to the sons of him who has instructed me and to pupils who have signed the covenant and have taken an oath according to the medical law, but no one else.
I will apply dietetic measures for the benefit of the sick according to my ability and judgment; I will keep them from harm and injustice. I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect.
Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art. I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but will withdraw in favor of such men as are engaged in this work.
Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit of the sick, remaining free of all intentional injustice, of all mischief and in particular of sexual relations with both female and male persons, be they free or slaves.
What I may see or hear in the course of the treatment or even outside of the treatment in regard to the life of men, which on no account one must spread abroad, I will keep to myself, holding such things shameful to be spoken about. If I fulfill this oath and do not violate it, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame among all men for all time to come; if I transgress it and swear falsely, may the opposite of all this be my lot.
From The Hippocratic Oath: Text, Translation, and Interpretation, by Ludwig Edelstein. Johns Hopkins Press, Modern Version I swear to fulfill, to the best of my ability and judgment, this covenant: I will respect the hard-won scientific gains of those physicians in whose steps I walk, and gladly share such knowledge as is mine with those who are to follow.
I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures [that] are required, avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment and therapeutic nihilism. I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon's knife or the chemist's drug.
I will not be ashamed to say "I know not," nor will I fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient's recovery. I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not disclosed to me that the world may know.
Most especially must I tread with care in matters of life and death.
If it is given me to save a life, all thanks.The Hippocratic oath: a comparative analysis of the ancient text's relevance to American and Indian modern medicine. Jhala CI, Jhala KN. Hippocrates ( B.C.), an ancient Greek physician considered the "Father of Medicine," constructed the groundwork for the principles of ethics in medicine over 2, years ago in his establishment of the Hippocratic Oath.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES Course Introduction and First Hour.
Outline the scope of the introductory course in pathology and clinical pathology. Describe the announced criteria for passing, and the factors that will be considered in any narrative performance summary. The Case for Euthanasia - In order to provide a framework for my thesis statement on the morality of euthanasia, it is first necessary to define what euthanasia is and the different types of euthanasia.
3 I Introduction: Preface This paper is designed for use by the develo pment practitioner. The analysis will focus on ethics codes and codes of behavior. I’d like to wish all the medical students beginning their arduous four-year med school journey this month the best of luck.
Reminiscing on my first days of medical school, I recall the thrill of reciting the Hippocratic Oath for the first time as part of a ritualistic White Coat Ceremony. The Hippocratic Oath, written by Hippocrates, was composed with the intent of maintaining high ethical standards in the medical field.
The original text is still used by modern doctors, exemplifying its significance to contemporary as well as ancient medicine.