Louis-Auguste was overlooked by his parents who favored his older brother, Louis, duc de Bourgognewho was regarded as bright and handsome but who died at the age of nine in Louis-Auguste, a strong and healthy boy but very shy, excelled in his studies and had a strong taste for Latin, history, geography, and astronomy and became fluent in Italian and English.
His younger sister, Sophiewas born a little over a year later.
He became the Dauphin on the death of his elder brother, Louis-Joseph, on 4 June As customary in royal families, Louis-Charles was cared for by multiple people.
Queen Marie Antoinette appointed governesses to look after all three of her children. Additionally, the queen selected Agathe de Rambaud to be the official nurse of Louis-Charles.
During these seven years, she never left him, she cradled him, took care of him, dressed him, comforted him, and scolded him. Many times, more than Marie Antoinette, she was a true mother for him".
The fact that Louis Charles was born exactly nine months after he returned to court was noted, but this theory was debunked by most scholars, who reject it, observing that the time of his conception corresponded perfectly in the time that Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette had spent a lot of time together.
Marie Antoinette, who gained massive weight because of her pregnancies, including this one she was described as "very fat" by the king of Swedenretained her charisma with an imposing figure in her court, where she had lot of admirers, but she remained a faithful, strong-willed wife and a stern but loving mother.
The family lived a secluded life, and Marie Antoinette dedicated most of her time to her two children under the daily surveillance of the national guards who kept her hands behind her back and searched everybody from the Queen to the children to see if any letters were smuggled to the royal prisoner.
After the family was recognized, they were brought back to Paris.
When the Tuileries Palace was stormed by an armed mob on 10 Augustthe royal family sought refuge at the Legislative Assembly. On 13 August, the royal family was imprisoned in the tower of the Temple. At first, their conditions were not extremely harsh, but they were prisoners and were re-styled as "Capets" by the newborn Republic.
Naming[ edit ] At his birth, Louis-Charles, a Fils de France "Son of France"was given the title of Duke of Normandyand, on 4 Junewhen Louis Joseph, Dauphin of Francehis elder brother, died, the four-year-old became Dauphin of Francetitle he held until Septemberwhen France became a constitutional monarchy.
Under the new constitution, the heir-apparent to the throne of France, formerly "Dauphin", was restyled Prince Royal.
Louis-Charles held that title until the fall of the monarchy on 21 September At the death of his father on 21 Januaryroyalists and foreign powers intent on restoring the monarchy held him to be the new king of France, with the title of Louis XVII.
Prison and rumours of escape[ edit ] All came to nothing. On 3 July, Louis-Charles was separated from his mother and father and put in the care of Antoine Simona cobbler who had been named his guardian by the Committee of Public Safety and tasked to transform the former young prince into a staunch republican citizen.
The tales told by royalist writers of the cruelty inflicted by Simon and his wife on the child are not proven. Antoine Simon's wife Marie-Jeanne, in fact, took great care of the child's person.
Stories survive narrating how he was encouraged to eat and drink to excess and learned the language of the gutter. The foreign secretaries of England and Spain also heard accounts from their spies that the boy was raped by prostitutes in order to infect him with venereal diseases to supply the Commune with manufactured "evidence" against the Queen.
Illness[ edit ] On 19 Januarythe Simons left the Temple, after securing a receipt for the safe transfer of their ward, who was declared to be in good health. A large part of the Temple records from that time onward disappeared under the Bourbon Restoration ,[ citation needed ] making knowledge of the facts impossible.
Two days after the departure of the Simons, Louis-Charles is said by the Restoration historians to have been put in a dark room which was barricaded like the cage of a wild animal.
The story runs that food was passed through the bars to the boy, who survived despite the accumulated filth of his surroundings. Barras's account of the visit describes the child as suffering from extreme neglect, but conveys no idea of the alleged walling in.
It is nevertheless certain that during the first half of Louis-Charles was very strictly secluded; he had no special guardian, but was under the charge of guards who changed from day to day. The boy made no complaint to Barras of any ill treatment. He was then cleaned and re-clothed.
The life of Queen Marie Antoinette of France; books about Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI and the French Revolution. Louis's formal style before the revolution was "Louis XVI, par la grâce de Dieu, roi de France et de Navarre", or "Louis XVI, by the Grace of God, King of France and of Navarre". Honours [ edit ] Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit. + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders.
His room was cleaned, and during the day he was visited by his new attendant, Jean Jacques Christophe Laurent —a creole from Martinique.The life of Queen Marie Antoinette of France; books about Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI and the French Revolution.
Louis XVII (27 March – 8 June ), born Louis-Charles, was the younger son of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. He was at birth given the title Duke of Normandy. His older brother, Louis Joseph, died in June , a little over a month before the start of the French attheheels.comon: Roman Catholic.
Louis XVI: Louis XVI, the last king of France (–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of The monarchy was abolished on Sept. 21, ; later Louis and his queen consort, Marie-Antoinette, were guillotined on charges of counterrevolution.
Louis was the third son of the.
Watch video · King Louis XVI ascended to the throne on May 10, We take a more intimate look at the king and his wife Marie Antoinette—the good, the bad, and the naughty. The reign of Louis XVI, the.
Both Marie Antoinette's and Louis XVI's bodies were exhumed on 18 January , during the Bourbon Restoration, when the comte de Provence ascended the newly reestablished throne as Louis XVIII, King of France and of attheheels.com: 21 January , Basilica of St Denis.
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