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Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Evaluate this claim which is attributable to realist thinking on foreign policy. According to realist thinking on foreign policy, international relations and politics are formulated in accordance with national interest.
This presupposes that the key actors in International Relations are sovereign states that behave similarly regardless of their type of government.
As well, a state of anarchy is at the fundamental core of this argument and national interests of egoistic states as the main outward presence in international realm. Classic Realism, originally emerged from the European concert of aristocratic diplomacy.
These are respectively neoclassical realism and neorealism. Firstly, a detailed account of realism will be produced highlighting the emergence of national interest as the fundamental feature or goal of sovereign states. This is done either through the maintenance of a status quo or aspiration of accumulating influence.
It will be concluded that Defensive Realism or neorealism is the principal theoretical sub-school in according this claim any legitimacy. Finally, resulting from the discoveries of the evaluation of realist foreign policy, principally on national interest, from neoliberal critiques; a subsequent new theoretical school will be expressed; Liberal Realism.
This is demonstrated by Christopher Hill. To evaluate the claim that foreign policy must be formulated in accordance with national interest, it is necessary to clearly define what realism is exactly and its theoretical sub-schools.
Realism is a school of thought based on three core assumptions: Under the assumption of Groupism, nation-states are the most important human groups within which nationalism is an important source of in-group cohesion.
It carries no assumption concerning the nature of politics. Additionally, necessity as the group interest or national interest defines it will trump any putatively universal morality and ethics. This leads onto the development of Realist Theories and their following sub-schools.
There are many theoretical schools of realism. For the purpose of this essay, Offensive Realists and Defensive Realists theoretical schools will be considered and examined in relation to the question.
Offensive Realists or neoclassical realists are more concerned by conflict-generating foreign policy and the structural potential of anarchy itself. However, both emanate from the classical theoretical argument that anarchy renders states security problematic, potentially conflictual key underlying cause of war Since in the international system there is no central authority to enforce agreements, no state can rule out prospects that another state will take up arms.
This eventually leads on to the primacy of national security as the most viable and primary national interest. The primacy of national security and its relation to realist foreign policy is best examined and comprehended by Brian C.
For realists, the fundamental national interest when considering foreign policy of all states is national security. According to realists, the ultimate actor is the state and sovereignty is the distinguishing trait. The primordial goal or national interest is to secure the state because the states are the central actors and are united in their understanding that states are the referent object of foreign policy in general and security in particular.
The Versailles order according to the realist observer was torn apart in a clash between revisionist and status quo states, all seeking the survival or the expansion of their national interests.
Therefore, foreign policy is decisively shaped by unique national situations or interests which created a particular challenge as policy making would be a direct result of the free will of domestic politics.
Furthermore, foreign policy making would be unconstrained by environment and power politics. Realists responded to this joint challenge in very distinctive ways.
Thus, they would seek to comprehend in more detail revisionist states and argue states mainly seek the accumulation of influence. However, both subschools of realist foreign policy, offensive and defensive realism, are flawed and need to be completely evaluated in comparison to neoliberal institutionalism.
To evaluate the claim that national interest formulates foreign policy is essential to assert neoliberalism claims on the subject and their suggested alternatives and interdependence. No nation can be sure that its calculations of the distribution of power are correct at any particular point in time.
This eventually led to preventive war declared from both the Triple Entente and Alliance, whilst only reassurance from status quo and revisionist states concerning the distribution of power was necessary to prevent a grave conflict. Nonetheless, an evaluation of 21st century realist foreign policy would be more appropriate.
As well, the inability of international institutions to restrain military superiority and dominance over the foreign policy making process is expounded. The United States employed its military power in what some deemed an imperial fashion in large part because it could.
This emerges as neoliberal critic aimed at challenging mainly national interest as the main element of foreign policy making.National Interests and Nation State Behavior Names Institution Affiliation The state concern refers to the goals set by a country targeting its economic, security and social aspects that influence the prosperity of a .
‘National Interest’ is a key concept in International Relations. All the nations are always engaged in the process of fulfilling or securing the goals of their national interests.
But today, as Russia, China, and Iran assess and act upon their own perceived national interests, Washington must attempt to understand those nations as . Securitization of National Interests Essay. SECURITIZATION OF NATIONAL INTERESTS In the decades following the end of the cold war, the field of security studies has seen new ways of thinking about international security - Securitization of National Interests Essay introduction. Dominant paradigms have been challenged by academics unsatisfied with existing concepts, looking to explain security. Essay on Levels of National Interest (Revision) Words | 4 Pages. attempting to define its national interest. National interest is the establishment of identity and purpose of the country; it is a multi-faceted idea that is made of several ideologies set forth by the country’s most influential leaders and parties.
The foreign policy of each nation is formulated on the basis of its national interest and it is always at work for.  The Commission on America's National Interests is a report about the domestic concerns that are ongoing in this country.
The report was started by a bipartisan group of Americans who believe the lack of American International leadership will cause threats to the .
Foreign Policy and National Interests Essay Sample. Question 1: Foreign policy must be formulated in accordance with the national interest’. Evaluate this claim which is attributable to realist thinking on foreign policy.
Securitization of National Interests Essay. SECURITIZATION OF NATIONAL INTERESTS In the decades following the end of the cold war, the field of security studies has seen new ways of thinking about international security - Securitization of National Interests Essay introduction. Dominant paradigms have been challenged by academics unsatisfied with existing concepts, looking to explain security.
At the heart of any national interest lays its security, in order states to survive they must protect their security, by any means available.