He penetrates to the core of the modern debate about interpretation, explodes numerous misleading formulations, and offers a stunning proposal for a new way of thinking about the way we read. Fish begins by examining the relation between a reader and a text, arguing against the formalist belief that the text alone is the basic, knowable, neutral, and unchanging component of literary experience. But in arguing for the right of the reader to interpret and in effect create the literary work, he skillfully avoids the old trap of subjectivity.
Reader-response criticism abandons the traditional, formalistic focus of studying the formal features of the text, as objects for the critical analysis, while focusing on the receiving act of reading the text, and therefore challenging the pre-dominant ideas of text as a fixed expression.
According to Rivkin and Ryan Stanley Fish was the most important American critic who promoted reader-response criticism It also lists the books that he has published, including: He attempts to examine the reasons behind the differences in interpretations of different readers.
In the beginning of the excerpt, Fish focuses on two major questions that his critics leveled against him. The first question that concerns him addresses the reasons behind why the same reader will interpret different texts in different ways, and the second question that he addresses explores the reasons why different readers will interpret the same text in a similar way.
According to Fish, in both of these situations, the answers stem from the methods that the readers use in interpreting the texts, rather than from the formal elements of the texts themselves.
From the above argument, Fish concludes that the readers who make similar assumptions about the text, and therefore proceed to follow similar ways of reading the text, will reach similar interpretation.
On the other hand, the readers who approach the text with a different set of assumptions and therefore employ different methods of reading the text will reach a different interpretation. Therefore, according to Fish, the different interpretation of different texts by the same reader results from following different reading methods, rather than from the differences of the texts.
As a result of his previous assertion, Fish goes on to argue that different texts could also be interpreted in the same way by the same reader. He illustrates the Christian criticism and interpretation as examples of the same interpretation being found in a variety of texts.
After addressing the questions of differences in the interpretation of different texts, Fish goes on to address the challenge of similarities in the interpretation of the same text. In this case, he uses the history of literary criticism to illustrate that the same text can be interpreted completely differently by the readers who apply different reading methods in approaching the text.
He also goes on to present, from the question of similarities in the interpretation, one of his main concepts: She was the closest thing that St. The poem itself has very close ties to the campus and was composed on it.
The poem is prominently featured during many graduation ceremonies, as well as during many college celebrations. According to Fish, I come to the poem with certain expectations.
I expect the poem to be of very high quality due to the reputation of its authors. I expect it to be lyrical and personal based on the other poems by Lucille Clifton with which I am familiar. My interpretation is guided by the setting where the poems appear, by familiarity with the poet, and by my associations of the poem with my college experience.
While, few academic readers would take the argument as far as Fish does, his work brings the attention to the reception of literary works, asserting their existence, not only or even primarily in the physical world, but rather in the mental world of the reader, who does not exist in a vacuum, and does not approach a text or anything else for that matterwith a purely open and unbiased perception.Stanley Fish - Wikipedia Stanley Eugene Fish (born April 19, ) is an American literary theorist, legal scholar, author Fish reveals in his partly biographical essay, "Milton, Thou Shouldst be As a prominent and respected literary theorist, Fish is best known for his analysis of interpretive communities — an offshoot of reader-response.
Jun 29, · In discussions of literary interpretation, one controversial issue has been the question of where meaning comes from, and who or what decides what that meaning is.
Fish reveals in his partly biographical essay, "Milton, Interpretive communities. As a prominent and respected literary theorist, And this, finally, is the critical issue in the contemporary university of which Stanley Fish is a typical representative: sophistry renders truth . Nov 28, · This is a collection of essays on literary theory by literary critic Stanley Fish. The book is interesting throughout, but of particular interest is how it is organized. Fish states, right from the introduction, that the perspective from which the bulk of the essays was written is wrong/5. (Full name Stanley Eugene Fish) American critic, nonfiction writer, and essayist. The following entry presents an overview of Fish's career through A provocative literary theorist and.
In his essay, “Interpreting the Variorum," Stanley Fish maintains that “interpretive communities are made up of those who share interpretive strategies not for reading (in the conventional sense) but.
Stanley Eugene Fish (born April 19, ) is an American literary theorist, legal scholar, author and public attheheels.com is currently the Floersheimer Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law at Yeshiva University's Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law in New York City.
Fish has previously served as the Davidson-Kahn Distinguished University Professor of Humanities and a professor of law at. In this essay Fish provides an Stanley Fish finds that though there is multiple meaning of a sentence Stanley Fish Interpretive Communities EssayIs There a Text in This Class?
— Stanley Fish | Harvard University Stanley Fish is one of America's most stimulating literary theorists. Nov 28, · This is a collection of essays on literary theory by literary critic Stanley Fish.
The book is interesting throughout, but of particular interest is how it is organized. Fish states, right from the introduction, that the perspective from which the bulk of the essays was written is wrong/5. Stanley Fish the man Interpretive Communities "Culture fills our minds with assumptions and beliefs that are not only similar, but 'alike in fine detail.' and because of this, individual originality and creativity are convenient fictions or our time".