Shown are the pages of the Preliminary Report in which the Organizing Committee defines the work of the larger Committee. Klebs continued as a member of the Board throughout his residence in Chicago.
Enjoy free essays, examples of research papers, sample term papers, free dissertation samples and paper writing tips for all students. Example papers and sample papers on the most popular topics. Pages Term Paper on Tuberculosis Tuberculosis Research Paper Tuberculosis, which can target any body part, results in the death of nearly two million people every year.
TB is an infectious disease that is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis usually found in the droplets of an active TB patient 1. According to historical studies, TB was known to the ancient Egyptians, in fact, the analysis of the spinal column of the mummies from BC shows a definite pathological signs of TB decay.
Thousands of years later, A. Waksman discovered the power of fungi in decreasing the Mycobacterium tuberculosis growth, and was able to isolate actinomycin that was too poisonous for use in both humans and animals.
By the incidence of TB disease will rise to million new cases and will account for 36 million deaths a year. Nowadays, one person gets infected every second 1. Although droplet transmission is the most common way to transmit TB, direct contact and infection via intestines are unusual ways to transmit this disease.
TB is usually contracted by spreading through the tiny droplets that may spray into the air when an individual carrying the bacteria sneezes or coughs 4. Having direct exposure to bacteriogenic materials is another way to contract TB; therefore, workers, who are in close contact with these materials, are at most risk to develop TB this way, for example dissecting assistants, doctors, ranchers, and butchers.
Finally, a person can get TB by eating contaminated animal products such as raw milk or undercooked meat from an infected animal 3.
Tuberculosis can affect many parts of the body, but most often affects the lungs. A disease caused by a specific type of bacteria that spreads from one person to another through the air. Tuberculosis can affect many parts . “Tuberculosis kills five thousand people every day. The social and economic impacts are devastating, including poverty, stigma and discrimination. While the world has committed to ending the TB epidemic by , actions and investments don’t match the political rhetoric. Update on Background Paper, BP Tuberculosis Executive Summary The Priority Medicines Report stated that Tuberculosis (TB) is a major and growing threat to public health for Europe and the world, with new epidemiological challenges.
Symptoms vary according to the infected organ. The commonest site of tuberculosis disease is the lungs, but it can spread to other organs specifically joints, bones, central nervous system, and urinary.
Several symptoms are associated with pulmonary TB, including cough, fatigue, slight fever, and pain when breathing or coughing, while extrapulmonary TB symptoms may be back pain if the spine is affected, or blood in the urine of a patient with TB of the kidney 1. The treatment regimen includes at least three or preferably four specific antibiotics that can be changed if the causative agent develops drug resistance.
The initial regimen for treating TB should include four drugs: Occasionally, the drugs may cause serious side effects.
Possible side effects of rifampin, which are similar to symptoms of flu, include fever, chills, muscle pain, nausea, and vomiting; while those of ethambutol are kidney and vision related 1. In conclusion, tuberculosis is an infectious disease that can be described according to its transmission, symptoms, and treatments.
It can be transmitted in various ways such as droplet, direct contact, and infection via intestines. Since pulmonary TB is the most common form of this disease, symptoms related to the lungs often appears as the disease progresses.
Finally, certain antibiotics are prescribed for the treatment of TB that may differ if the patient contracted TB for the second time. Therefore, understanding TB in order to decreasing the mortality caused by it are the purposes of this term paper.
All free sample term papers and college term paper examples on Tuberculosis topics are plagiarized and cannot be fully used in your high school, college or university education. If you need a custom written term paper, research paper, essay, dissertation, thesis paper or any other homework on your topic, EffectivePapers.
We work with experienced PhD.Tuberculosis is spread from one individual, who has an active tuberculosis infection, to another through the air, and hence it is an airborne disease. When the tuberculosis infected person cough or sneeze, the tuberculosis mycobacteriums are released to the air which are inhaled by the other peoples and thus lead to spread of the disease.
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Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health problem. One reason of conducting molecular epidemiology studies is to understand the uneven distribution of . “Tuberculosis kills five thousand people every day. The social and economic impacts are devastating, including poverty, stigma and discrimination.
While the world has committed to ending the TB epidemic by , actions and investments don’t match the political rhetoric. Essay Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by a germ (bacterium) called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
This germ primarily affects the lungs and may infect anyone at any age. In the United States, the number of TB cases steadily decreased until when an increase was noted; TB has continued to rise since. Overview of Tuberculosis Research in The Netherlands 26 a.
Unique expertise and capacities 26 b. Networks 26 c. Collaborations 27 d. Funding 27 2.
TB research groups in The Netherlands 28 tuberculosis strains from large parts of the world provide Dutch groups with excellent capacity for research in this field.